The judging always follows a certain pattern

The breeds are judged separately and the basis of the judging is the breed standard, which is a description of the breed’s appearance and characteristics. Most often, the puppies of both sexes are judged first.
Thereafter, first the males and then the females are judged in different classes according to age and previously obtained championships and trials.

The two sexes do not meet until the competition for "Best of Breed”.

Classes

The minor puppy class (unofficial class) is for dogs aged 3-6 months. This class can also be called "baby class".

The puppy class (unofficial class) is for dogs aged 6-9 months.

The junior class is for dogs aged 9-18 months. Dogs entered in the junior class do not compete for the CACIB (Certificate for the international beauty championship). 

The intermediate class is for dogs aged 15-24 months.

The open class is for dogs that have attained the age of 15 months (no upper limit).

The working class is for dogs that have passed a working trial that gives admission to the working class. The type of trial varies from breed to breed. The minimum age in the working class is 15 months. 

The champion class is for dogs that have obtained a national or an international championship before the show. The minimum age in the champion class is 15 months.

The veteran class is for dogs over 8 years. Dogs entered in the veteran class do not compete for the CACIB (Certificate for the international beauty championship).

Furthermore, there is a juniorhandling competition where young handlers compete about being best at handling their dog.

The juniorhandlers compete in two age groups: Mini for handlers aged 10-13 years – and Maxi for handlers aged 14-17 years.

Moreover there is a a progeny group competition where a male or a female takes part with 4 progenies as well as a breeder’s group competition with groups of 4 dogs from the same breeder. In the progeny group and breeder’s group, classes of high quality can be awarded (HP) (prize of honour). The dogs are judged in the order of succession stated in the catalogue.
The individual dog is first judged by its quality.

Degrees of quality

The following degrees of quality can be given:

EXCELLENT may only be awarded to a dog which comes very close to the ideal standard of the breed, which is presented in excellent condition, displays a harmonious, well-balanced temperament, is of high class and has excellent posture. Its superior characteristics in respect of its breed permit that minor imperfections can be ignored; it must however have the typical features of its sex.

VERY GOOD may only be awarded to a dog, which possesses the typical features of its breed, which has well-balanced proportions and is in correct condition. A few minor faults may be tolerated but none of a morphological nature. This award can only be granted to a dog that shows class.

GOOD is to be awarded to a dog that possesses the main features of its breed however showing faults provided these are not concealed.

SUFFICIENT must be awarded to a dog which corresponds adequately to its breed, without possessing the generally accepted characteristics or whose physical condition leaves something to be desired.

Furthermore, the dog can be given a CANNOT BE JUDGED or a DISQUALIFIED.

CANNOT BE JUDGED indicates that the judge cannot decide which prize degree the dog deserves.

DISQUALIFIED is disqualifying and is given to dogs with anatomic, typological or psychological faults.